Guinealynx fruit and vegetable charts and calcium/phosphorus level information CLICK HERE
Safe Fruit and Veg Table!
The below table includes guinea pig taste scale with 1 being not often enjoyed 10 being a guinea pigs favorite food. This scale is only an indication some guinea pigs may vary on the yum scale with the fruit and veg they do and don't enjoy .
Unsafe fruit and Veg!
Washed or Brushed Potatoes
Wild mushrooms and berries
Safe herbs and plants list!
Unsafe herbs and plants!
A guinea pigs DAILY diet needs to consist of the following:
Hay and/or Grass in constant supply.
A good quality guinea pig grain mix (no seeds and the more chaff/chopped hay the better).
Guinea pigs are strict herbivores and should not be fed dairy or meat products or bread. The excess calcium, phosphorus, preservatives, magnesium and potassium in dairy products is not needed in a balanced guinea pig diet and can cause skin problems, ketosis, acidosis and vitamin A or D toxicity.
Tip! Guinea pigs need a well balanced diet that doesn't vary greatly from day to day. Sudden changes in diet can cause digestive upset. A balanced diet fed the same each day ( minor changes in some of the fruit/veg fed is fine ) will promote good digestion and gut function. If you want to introduce new foods into your guinea pigs diet a gradual change is needed.
Below is detailed information on the DAILY requirements needed for a satisfactory diet.
Guinea pigs need a minimum of 50mg of Vitamin C per kilo a day. If pregnant or unwell your guinea pig will need 80mg per kilo per day.
To find out if your guinea pig is getting enough Vitamin C each day, visit the following website link to use the Brisbane Birds and Exotics Online Guinea Pig Vitamin C Calculator: http://bbevs.com.au/gpcalc.html
Guinea pigs cannot store Vitamin C in their bodies and because of this
they must have Vitamin C added to their diet DAILY in order to stay healthy
and avoid developing scurvy ( Vitamin C deficiency ).
Vitamin C comes from a fresh selection of vegetables and fruits and also
grass. A ' variety ' of vegetables fed daily is the key. Grass is a natural source
of Vitamin C so if you have a fresh supply on hand grass is great to feed at least
a few times a week. It is best to feed more vegetables than fruit in a
guinea pigs diet and vegetables high in vitamin C are recommended to feed
on a regular basis. Some vegetables high in vitamin C
include capsicum, broccoli, chocko, tomato and parsley. When feeding your guinea pig
their fruit and veg be sure to keep in mind that like people some guinea pigs will
not necessarily like everything they're given and some guinea pigs can be picky.
If you persist they may eventually take to the food although some will
always remain picky. Guinea pigs can be picky with citrus fruits and stone
fruits and due to the high acidity in citrus fruits it's best to limit
your guinea pigs intake to a minimum.
Guinea pigs love their
grass!!! Grass grass and more grass! Guinea pigs enjoy thistle in
particular milk thistle which is a very healthy supplement for a guinea pig to munch
on. A Guinea pigs favorite grass includes clover, buffalo grass, oat grass,
dandelion and a variety of fresh herbs are also favoured. Tip! If you
don't have grass readily available for your guinea pig fresh hay will
usually suffice although as a handy tip sometimes people will fill a
shopping bagful of fresh grass from a reserve or area where no chemicals
are sprayed. You can then store this bag in the fridge or a dry and dark
place and then take out a handful every day or two to feed to your guinea
pig. This option can be particularly helpful if you are unable to find hay
available to purchase near you.
Avoid buying mixes from big chain supermarkets. These mixes are inadequate for guinea pigs and most of the time contain unhealthy seeds and little to no chaff/hay at all.
A guinea pig mix should have a minimum of 16% crude protein and the fiber content in the mix should be high and higher than the protein level. A guinea pig mix should contain little to no sunflower seeds. Sunflower seeds are very high in unhealthy fats and are not recommended to feed to your guinea pig regularly.
Where can I buy a good guinea pig mix and what is a good mix? Fresh guinea pig mixes can be bought in made up bags from your local produce store for a couple of dollars and some Pet Supply Stores also sell a good mix. Your local Produce mix will usually contain very fresh grains ( not seeds ) mixed with a higher content of fiber/lucerne chaff than for example say the mixes often found on the shelves of supermarkets. There are a number of good horse mixes readily available to purchase from produce stores as well which are high chaff with no seed. Muesli based feeds for horses are usually safe to feed to guinea pigs and are very palatable and contain oats, lupins, barley, chaff, soybean meal and other heathy grains. Recommended horse feeds many guinea pig owners use to make their own mix feeding in small amounts on it's own or they mix the grains with ' chaff ' ( chopped up hay ) to bring the fiber content up, include the Barastoc range (Barastoc Workhorse, Gold cup and Completo mixes ). Some Pet Stores have good guinea pig mixes. Pet Cafe stores sell a fantastic guinea pig mix and PetBarn also sells a good mix. Mixes with dried vegetables and fruits in them are fine although on a nutritional level a lot of the fruit will have lost its nutritional content. The Australian Cavy Sanctuary also create and sell a fantastic mix through our shelters.
Feeding Pellets instead of a Grain Mix: Guinea Pig 'Pellets' are another good option especially if you are unable to find a decent grain mix for your guinea pig/s. The OXBOW Hay Company are a world re-known for their quality Oxbow guinea pig pellets (Cavy Cuisine), hay and other healthy treats. Please visit EBAY or google Oxbow to find further information on their products and to find a distributer near you.
looking for a good mix or treat for your guinea pigs it is best to steer
clear of anything with artificial colours and flavours.